© (C) Newcastle castle
- Newcastle Castle comprises the surviving remains of the original "New Castle upon Tyne", including two surviving buildings - the Castle Keep and the Black Gate. The Castle Keep of Newcastle upon Tyne was built by Henry II between 1168-1178, it is one of the finest surviving examples of a Norman Keep in the country. The Black Gate is an imposing barbican added to the Castle in 1247, and since then has been a tavern, a slum tenement, a museum and the library of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle Upon Tyne. It is now a heritage centre for the history of the Castle containing an exhibition, learning room and gift shop. Tickets for the Castle are bought from the Black Gate and allow access to both buildings. They stand within a site that also contained: an early motte and bailey castle built by Robert Curthose, the son of William the Conqueror: an Anglo-Saxon cemetery and a Roman Fort (Pons Aelius).