© National Trust Images/Michael Boys
- A classic Queen Anne house, this was the home of the writer Thomas Carlyle from 1834 until his death in 1881. A tall townhouse in Cheyne Row, close to the River Thames, Carlyle's House was built in 1708 as part of a terrace of London homes. Rented for £35 a year, it was the first and only London home of Carlyle and his wife Jane, a place where they lived, dined and entertained for almost 40 years. And it was here that they played host to many of the major literary and cultural figures of the Victorian age, including Tennyson, Dickens, Ruskin and Darwin. For fourteen years after his death, the house continued to be rented, remaining untouched more from neglect than any other factor. But such was the reputation of the so-called 'Sage of Chelsea' that a few years after his death, his house was purchased by public subscription by the Carlyle House Memorial Trust and preserved for the nation. In 1936 it was transferred to the National Trust, which has restored and maintained the house and gardens in the style for which Jane Carlyle was famed.